The history of surgery is as old as the history of mankind, although the beginning of “modern” surgery, as we know it today, began back in 1846 in Boston, Massachusetts, when a doctor named Willian Thomas Green was the first to use anesthesia as a method of making patients able to tolerate invasive surgery.

Transvaginal Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery in Gynecology Oncology

Dr. Payam Kashi & Dr. Rebecca Stone

Payam Katebi Kashi, MD, PhD; Rebecca L. Stone, MD, MS, The Kelly Gynecologic Oncology Service, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD

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